The winners are:
- 2010 Newbery Medal: When You Reach Me by Rebecca Stead (Random House)
- 2010 Caldecott Medal: The Lion and Mouse by Jerry Pinkney (Little Brown)
- 2010 Michael L. Printz Award: Going Bovine (Delacorte)
- The Margaret A. Edwards Award for lifetime contribution in writing for young adults was given to Jim Murphy.
- The Robert F. Sibert Award for the most distinguished informational book went to Almost Astronauts: 13 Women Who Dared to Dream by Tanya Lee Stone (Candlewick)
- The new YALSA Excellence in Nonfiction Award went to Charles and Emma: The Darwins' Leap of Faith by Deborah Heiligman (Henry Holt).
- The Theodor Seuss Geisel Award for books for emerging readers was awarded to Benny and Penny in the Big No-No! by Geoffrey Hayes.